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Built on a basalt hill, Rupea fortress represents one of the oldest constructions in Romania. It is located at the border of the historic principalities of Transylvania, Moldavia and Vallachia – in Brasov county. It is built in 3 layers.

Cetatea Rupea fortress citadel Romania Carpathians Transylvania

The upper fortress (cetatea de sus) was first built more than 2.000 years ago as a Dacian fortress and it was named Ramidava. After the Roman invasion of Dacia, it was turned into a Roman defense point and renamed “Rupes”, considering that Dacia’s borders were the borders of the Roman empire and constantly a target of attacks. Ramidava was mentioned by Ptolemeu Claudius in his writings. After Romans retreated, the fortress was abandoned.

After Magyars (Hungarians) arrived a few centuries later, the king of Hungary colonized the region with Saxons (ethnic germans) in the Xth century. In 1324, the Saxons rose against the King of Hungary and took refuge in Rupea fortress – fact mentioned in the first modern written document about the fortress.

aerial Cetatea Rupea fortress Romania

In the XV century, the second layer was built – the middle fortress (cetatea de mijloc). In the XVIII century, the lower fortress was also built (cetatea de jos).

Cetatea Rupea fortress citadel Romania

 

Cetatea Rupea fortress seen from the village Romania

Cetatea Rupea fortress citadel Romania Transylvania carpathians

 

 

romanian girl Cetatea Rupea fortress citadel road Romania

 

 

Cetatea Rupea fortress middle citalde cetatea de mijloc Romania

 

 

Cetatea Rupea fortress citadel interior Romania 2

 

View from citadel towards the village down below

View from citadel towards the village down below

view from Cetatea Rupea fortress Romania

view from Cetatea Rupea fortress citadel Romania

Cetatea Rupea fortress citadel side view Romania

Cetatea Rupea fortress citadel sideways view Romania

Cetatea Rupea fortress citadel evening Romania

Cetatea Rupea noaptea fortress citadel night Romania

Cetatea Rupea noaptea Rupea fortress at night Romania