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Enisala citadel was built in the XIII century by the Byzantine empire on the shores of the Black Sea (Dobrogea region). In the XIV century it went under occupation of Genoese merchants (from north Italy), as they had monopoly over commerce in the Black Sea at the time. Genoese presence was not based on military occupation, but on economic concessions of Genoese associated with the local traders.

In the XV century is was regained by the Vallachian ruler Mircea cel Batran, but shortly after, the Ottoman wars of conquest began and the entire Dobrogea region fell under Ottoman occupation. Dobrogea was the only region fully incorporated into the Ottoman empire and remained so until the XIX century .

During ottoman rule, the citadel was abandoned and left in ruins. In the early XXth century archeology works began, which were interrupted by WW2. The works continued in the 1970’s.

Romania Enisala medieval fortress black sea seen from afar

Village near the citadel

Romania scenery Enisala medieval fortress citadel black sea romanian people

Romania scenery Enisala medieval fortress citadel black sea romanian people 5

Romania scenery Enisala medieval fortress citadel black sea

Romania scenery Enisala medieval fortress citadel black sea 3

Landscapes near 

Romania scenery Enisala medieval fortress citadel black sea 1

Romania beautiful scenery Enisala medieval fortress black sea romanian people

Romania best scenery Enisala medieval fortress road citadel black sea romanian people

Romania scenery Enisala medieval fortress citadel black sea romanians

Romania scenery Enisala medieval fortress citadel black sea 2

Romania Enisala medieval citadel fortress black sea romanians

Romania road Enisala medieval citadel black sea

 

 

Romania landscape Enisala medieval fortress citadel black sea romanian people

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