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Marasesti mausoleum romanian heroes Romania WW1 First World War one 6

Marasesti mausoleum – 5.000 out of 27.000 soldiers killed during the Marasesti battle of WW1 are resting here.

Marasesti battle was a decisive battle of World War One when Romania – with 2/3 of its territory under German occupation – was on the brink of being dissolved as a state. Abandoned by its allies and with attacks from both Austro-Hungarian and German armies in the west, and their Bulgarian-Ottoman allies in the south, the army was overwhelmed.

The Romanian army regrouped in the remaining unoccupied region of Moldavia and prepared to fight against the much bigger German army, who was preparing for a final battle to conquer all of Romania and advance east, where the Odessa port of Ukraine was next.

The Marasesti battle was a major concentration of Romanian forces, where Russia also contributed with military forces (right before being taken over by Bolsheviks) and France sent its generals to help with logistics and re-organization (Henri Mathias Berthelot was decorated for his efforts).

Marasesti battle

Marasesti battle

To understand what the occupation meant – all the reserves of oil and cereals were exported. The cities and villages were pillaged to such extent that it caused a wave of famine. According to professor Zbigniew Karpus, up to 43.000 Romanian soldiers were taken prisoners. The new treaty imposed by Austro-Hungary and Germany demanded concession and control over all Romanian oil fields, forests, fisheries, factories railroads, banks, public administration etc and demanded payment of over 5 billion franks as contribution. All exports had to be submitted to them, and German colonization of Romanian territory was to be admitted and encouraged. This was one of the most brutal treaties ever imposed on a state under foreign occupation. (source)

Bucharest under German occupation

Bucharest under German occupation in 1916

Bucharest under German occupation 1916

Bucharest Romania german occupation First World War one ww1 .

General Mackensen, commander of the German army

General Mackensen, commander of the German army

General Mackensen, commander of the German army, in Bucharest

General Mackensen, commander of the German army in Bucharest

General Mackensen, commander of the German army

General Mackensen, commander of the German army

Romanian prisoners carrying shells from the German Army

Romanian prisoners carrying shells from the German Army in Brasov

Brasovtrain station massacre - when 300 soldiers were encircled and taken by surprise in a night attack. All perished.

1916 Brasov train station massacre – 250 Romanian soldiers were encircled and taken by surprise in a night attack. All perished.

In these conditions, the pressure over the remaining Romanian Army was immense. In the battle that followed, over 25.000 Romanian soldiers died in Marasesti which ended in bitter-sweet victory for Romania. The Marasesti battle also took the life of Ecaterina Teodoroiu, a young Romanian woman who took up arms after the death of her 2 brothers; she held position of second lieutenant at the time of her death.

At the initiative of the National Orthodox Society of Romanian Women, a mausoleum was built on the site of the battle, where over 5.000 soldiers were reburied.

The first World War claimed the lives of over 550.000 Romanian soldiers and over 600.000 civilians. What followed after was the most prosperous period in Romania’s history, that is until World War Two, after which communism brought about one of its darkest periods in history.

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Marasesti mausoleum – “Glory to the heroes”

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Marasesti mausoleum romanian tragic heroes army Romania WW1 First World War one

Marasesti mausoleum romanian soldiers tragic heroes Romania WW1 First World War one

Dying soldier handing over the flame of victory

mausoleul eroilor Marasesti mausoleum Romania WW1 First World War one romanian soldiers heroes army 1

mausoleul Marasesti mausoleum Romania WW1 First World War one romanian soldiers heroes army

Marasesti mausoleum romanian soldiers heroes army Romania WW1 First World War one

Cannon used in Marasesti battle

Cannon from Marasesti battle

Marasesti mausoleum romanian soldiers heroes army Romania WW1 First World War one 6

Marasesti mausoleum Romania WW1 First World War one romanian soldiers heroes army .

Marasesti mausoleum Romania WW1 First World War one romanian soldiers heroes army

Russian general Alexandr Suvorov, who died in Marasesti

Russian general Alexandr Suvorov who was killed in Marasesti

German graves. Both German and Romanian soldiers were buried on land belong to the mayor of Marasesti. He donated it to the state in 1921.

German graves. Both German and Romanian soldiers were buried on 20 hectares of land belonging to the mayor of Marasesti. He donated it to the state in 1921.

Marasesti mausoleum romanian heroes army Romania WW1 First World War one

General Eremia Grigorescu, commander of Romanian army

General Eremia Grigorescu, commander of Romanian army

Marasesti battle monuments generals Romania WW1 First World War one romanian soldiers heroes army 1

Marshall Alexandru Averescu

Marasesti battle monuments general Eremia Grigorescu Romania WW1 First World War one romanian soldiers heroes army

second lieutenant Ecaterina Teodoroiu Marasesti battle monuments Romania WW1 First World War one romanian soldiers heroes army

second lieutenant Ecaterina Teodoroiu

Marasesti battle monuments generals Romania WW1 First World War one romanian soldiers heroes army

Marasesti mausoleum romanian soldiers heroes army Romania WW1 First World War one 00

Marasesti mausoleum romanian soldiers heroes army Romania WW1 First World War one 2

Marasesti mausoleum Romania WW1 First World War one romanian soldiers heroes army 1

“Întru slava eroilor neamului” – “Glory to our heroes”

mausoleul eroilor Marasesti mausoleum Romania WW1 First World War one romanian soldiers heroes army

Marasesti mausoleum romanian heroes Romania WW1 First World War one .

Marasesti mausoleum romanian soldiers heroes army Romania WW1 First World War one 1

Marasesti mausoleum romanian heroes Romania WW1 First World War one 9

Marasesti mausoleum entrance romanian soldiers heroes army Romania WW1 First World War one

Marasesti mausoleum interior Romania WW1 First World War one romanian soldiers heroes army

Marasesti mausoleum romanian heroes Romania WW1 First World War one 8

Mariuca's tomb, 12 yera old girl who hid in wallnut tree to oversee and report on movements of German troops. She was shot by a sniper.

Mariuca’s tomb, 12 year-old girl who reported on movements of German troops from the walnut tree in her backyard. She was shot by a sniper.

Marasesti mausoleum romanian heroes Romania WW1 First World War one 5

Marasesti mausoleum romanian heroes Romania WW1 First World War one 7  Mausoleul eroilor Marasesti mausoleum Romania WW1 First World War one romanian soldiers heroes army 23

Marasesti mausoleum romanian heroes Romania WW1 First World War one 6

Marasesti mausoleum romanian heroes Romania WW1 First World War one 11

Marasesti mausoleum tomb romanian soldiers heroes army Romania WW1 First World War one

Marasesti mausoleum romanian soldiers heroes tombs Romania WW1 First World War one

mausoleul eroilor Marasesti mausoleum Romania WW1 First World War one romanian soldiers heroes army .

Marasesti mausoleum romanian heroes Romania WW1 First World War one 3

Marasesti mausoleum Romania WW1 First World War one romanian soldiers heroes army ..

russian general Marasesti mausoleum romanian soldiers heroes army Romania WW1 First World War one

Marasesti mausoleum romanian soldiers heroes army Romania WW1 First World War one 12

romanian commander Eremia Grigorescu Marasesti battle Romania WW1 First World War one romanian soldiers heroes armyMarasesti mausoleum romanian soldiers heroes army Romania WW1 First World War one 31

Mausoleul eroilor Marasesti mausoleum Romania WW1 First World War one romanian soldiers heroes army ..

Marasesti mausoleum romanian soldiers heroes army Romania WW1 First World War one 09  Marasesti mausoleum romanian army heroes army Romania WW1 First World War one  Marasesti mausoleum romanian soldiers heroes army Romania WW1 First World War one .

mausoleul eroilor Marasesti mausoleum Romania WW1 First World War one romanian soldiers heroes army 0

Marasesti mausoleum romanian heroes Romania WW1 First World War one 0

Marasesti mausoleum romanian heroes Romania WW1 First World War one 4

Marasesti mausoleum romanian heroes Romania WW1 First World War one 1

Marasesti mausoleum romanian heroes Romania WW1 First World War one 2

Marasesti mausoleum romanian heroes Romania First World War one ww1

Marasesti mausoleum Bucovina Bessarabia Banat Transylvania romanian soldiers heroes army Romania WW1 First World War one

Marasesti mausoleum romanian soldiers heroes graves army Romania WW1 First World War one

Unknown soldiers

Unknown soldiers

mausoleul eroilor Marasesti mausoleum Romania WW1 First World War one romanian soldiers heroes army 5

Marasesti mausoleum tombs romanian soldiers heroes army Romania WW1 First World War one

Cupola Gloriei ~ The Glory Dome Cupola Gloriei ~ The Glory Dome

Glory Dome Cupola Gloriei Marasesti mausoleum Romania WW1 First World War one romanian soldiers heroes army

mausoleul eroilor Marasesti mausoleum Romania WW1 First World War one romanian soldiers heroes army 7

Marasesti mausoleum the Glory Dome romanian soldiers heroes army Romania WW1 First World War one

mausoleul eroilor Marasesti mausoleum Romania WW1 First World War one romanian soldiers heroes army 3Marasesti mausoleum Romania WW1 First World War one romanian soldiers heroes army tombs

Muzeul Armelor - museum near mausoleum displays the

Muzeul Armelor – museum near mausoleum

'You cannot cross through here' Marasesti battle Romania WW1 First World War one romanian soldiers heroes army“Pe aici nu se trece” – “You cannot cross through here” – words said before the battle by general Eremia Grigorescu, the commander of the Romanian army in Marasesti

Romanian helmet from Marasesti battle Romania WW1 First World War one romanian soldiers heroes army

Romanian helmet

Marasesti coin - released when the Mausoleum was built.

Marasesti coin – released when the Mausoleum was built.

King Ferdinand and Romanian army at Marasesti

King Ferdinand and Romanian army at Marasesti

Marasesti battle front line Romania WW1 First World War one romanian soldiers heroes army

Marasesti battle Romania WW1 First World War one romanian men soldiers heroes army 12

Marasesti battle Romania WW1 First World War one romanian soldiers heroes army 3

general cristescu Marasesti battle Romania WW1 First World War one romanian men soldiers heroes army

Marasesti battle Romania WW1 First World War one romanian soldiers heroes army .

Marasesti battle romanian soldiers heroes army Romania WW1 First World War one

Marasesti Romania WW1 First World War one romanian soldiers heroes army 5

German prisoners at Marasesti

German prisoners at Marasesti

Marasesti Romania WW1 First World War one romanian soldiers men heroes army

aerostation Marasesti Romania WW1 First World War one romanian men soldiers heroes army

Marasesti battle Romania WW1 First World War one romanian soldiers heroes army 23

Queen Maria decorating soldiers at Marasesti Romania WW1 First World War one romanian men soldiers heroes army

Queen Mary decorates soldiers on the front

romanian soldier Marasesti battle Romania WW1 First World War one romanian men soldiers heroes army

Marasesti battle romanian soldiers army Romania WW1 First World War one

Marasesti battle

32nd_Mircea_Voda_Regiment Defending_Marasesti_Train_Station During_Battle_of_Marasesti 1917 romanian men army soldiers

Romanian troops entering Marasesti after the battle

Romanian troops entering Marasesti after the battle

'You cannot cross through here' mausoleul Marasesti battle Romania WW1 First World War one romanian soldiers heroes army “You cannot cross through here – 1917”