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Constanta is an old port city founded in 657 B.C on the Black Sea coast, in Dobrogea region. Its historic ancient name was “Tomis”, name given by Greek merchant colony established here. The greeks had strong commercial relations with the local Getae and surrounding populations.

The city was also populated by Romans, Genoese traders, Turks and Tatars (Ottomans conquered and incorporated Dobrogea when it was part of Vallachia) and Romanians. In the XIX century, Germans moved and lived here until 1940, when they were forcefully resettled by the Nazis to the German Reich after Hitler had agreed on Soviet invasion of Romania.

Ovidiu statue Constanta city Romania Black SeaOvid (romanian: Ovidiu) was a famous Roman poet sent into exile in Tomis (ancient Constanta), whose name constitutes a symbol in Constanta’s history (on left – Ovidiu’s statue near the History Museum).

While in exile, he wrote Tristia (“Sorrows”) which, among other things, describes Tomis and expresses his sadness at being expelled from his homeland.

 

Constanta faleza Romania dobrogea Black Sea beautiful landscapeAfter Dobrogea became part of Romania in the XIX century, the Constanta port was built and the education and administrative infrastructure were developed, as they were lacking. Romanians, an ethnic minority at the time, became a majority when Turks/ Tatars (who had settled during Ottoman occupation) migrated to the newly-formed republic of Turkey in 1923. The other minorities remained in the area.

The First World War brought significant damage caused by German bombardments. During Second World War, Constanta was assaulted by the Soviets and its entire Navy was confiscated by the Red Army, bringing Constanta’s flourishing period to an abrupt ending.

The Museums hold precious artifacts – starting with Hamangia and Gumelnita cultures (5000 years old), and numerous ancient artifacts (most of them dated 2000 years ago) which are proof to Constanta’s rich and diverse historic past. Other artifacts can be found in other local museums in Constanta and Tulcea counties.

Constanta Romania dobrogea Black Sea aerial view

Ziua Marinei Tomis Constanta Romania dobrogea dobruja Black Sea

Tomis port Constanta Romania dobrogea dobruja Black Sea beautiful view

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Tomis port Constanta Romania dobrogea dobruja Black Sea

Tomis port Constanta city Romania dobrogea dobruja Black 1Sea

Tomis Constanta Romania dobrogea dobruja Black Sea beautiful landscape

 

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Tomis faleza Constanta Romania dobrogea dobruja Black Sea

Constanta city Romania Black Sea Tomis port dobrogea

Tomis Constanta faleza Romania dobrogea dobruja Black Sea

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Mihai Eminescu statue

Mihai Eminescu statue on the seaside

Mihai Eminescu statue Constanta city Romania Black Sea

Constanta city Romania Black Sea northern dobruja dobrogea tomis portTomis port Constanta city Romania dobrogea dobruja Black Sea

Constanta beach plaja Romania dobrogea Black Sea

Constanta beach frozen in winter

Constanta beach frozen in winter (see more Black Sea frozen)

Tomis Constanta casino cazino winter Romania dobrogea dobruja Black Sea

winter Tomis Constanta beach Romania dobrogea dobruja Black Sea frozen romanian beaches

Tomis Constanta winter frozen Romania dobrogea dobruja Black Sea

Constanta faleza cliff Romania dobrogea Black Sea

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Constanta Romania dobrogea Black Sea beautiful scenery

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Romanian Marine Officers

Tomis Constanta ship Romania dobrogea dobruja Black Sea

Tomis Constanta Romania ships dobrogea dobruja Black Sea

russian sailor black sea Constanta Romania dobrogea

day of the marine Tomis Constanta city Romania dobrogea dobruja Black Sea

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Day of the Marine Constanta Romania black sea Romanian sailors men

Day of the Marine Constanta Romania black sea Romanian people sailors

day of the marine Tomis Constanta city Romania dobrogea dobruja Black Sea .

Bricul Mircea romanian ships Constanta Romania dobrogea Black Sea

Constanta Romania dobrogea Black Sea ships

Mircea brig romanian ship Tomis Constanta Romania dobrogea dobruja Black Sea

Mircea brig old romanian ship

Black Sea Constanta Romania dobrogea

Tomis Constanta Romania dobrogea dobruja Black Sea ships

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cazino Constanta casino Romania dobrogea Black Sea

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Tomis architecture Constanta Romania dobrogea dobruja Black Sea

architecture Constanta Romania dobrogea

carol I mosque Tomis Constanta Romania dobrogea dobruja Black Sea 1

Carol I mosque detail Constanta Romania dobrogea

black sea view Constanta Romania dobrogea

Constanta Romania carol I mosque dobrogea Black Sea

Carol I mosque – built by King Carol of Romania, as the few historic mosques were extremely small. It stands 50 meters tall at its highest point.

carol I mosque interior Constanta Romania Black Sea dobruja dobrogea

carol I mosque Constanta city Romania Black Sea dobruja dobrogea

moschee carol I mosque Constanta city Romania Black Sea dobruja dobrogea

Tomis Constanta Romania dobrogea dobruja Black Sea carol I mosque

Constanta city Romania Black Sea beautiful landscape view

Constanta city Romania Black Sea

Orthodox cathedral church Sf. Petru Pavel. Next to it, ruins of ancient Tomis

Orthodox cathedral church Sf. Petru Pavel. Next to it, ruins of ancient Tomis

Orthodox cathedral church Sf. Petru Pavel Constanta Romania

Tomis Constanta square Romania dobrogea dobruja Black Sea 3

Tomis Constanta square Romania dobrogea dobruja Black Sea

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Museum of History and Archeology and the statue of Ovid

Tomis Constanta Museum Romania dobrogea dobruja Black Sea

History museum ancient artifacts Constanta Romania dobrogea Black Sea

Ancient artifacts – Fortuna statue dated 2nd century BC.

History museum Constanta Romania dobrogea Black Sea artifacts

Constanta Museum ancient artifacts Romania dobrogea

History museum glykon snake Constanta Romania dobrogea Black Sea

Glykon serpent – 2nd century A.D.

Lighthouse

Lighthouse

Navy Command center

Navy Command center

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romanian honor guards at Day of the Marine Constanta city Romania

aerial view Tomis Constanta Romania dobrogea dobruja Black Sea

Constanta beach plaja romanian beaches Romania dobrogea Black Sea

Constanta beach Romania Black Sea beautiful landscape view romanian beaches

Constanta city Romania dobrogea dobruja Black Sea tomis port

pavilion Tomis Constanta Romania dobrogea dobruja Black Sea

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st. mina church Tomis Constanta Romania dobrogea dobruja Black Sea

Tomis Constanta Museum of Popular Art Romania dobrogea dobruja Black Sea

Tomis Constanta city Romania dobrogea dobruja Black Sea skyline

Tomis Constanta city Romania dobrogea dobruja Black Sea

Constanta architecture Romania dobrogea Black Sea

Muzeul de Arta Populara Tomis Constanta city Romania dobrogea dobruja Black Sea

carol I mosque Constanta city postcard Romania Black Sea dobruja dobrogea

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Sf. Anton catholic church Constanta city Romania Black Sea

Sf. Anton catholic church

Sf. Anton catholic church

Sf. Anton catholic church interior Constanta city Romania Black Sea

Tomis Constanta city architecture Romania dobrogea dobruja Black Sea

Other architectural styles

Tomis Constanta architecture Romania dobrogea dobruja Black Sea

Interwar architecture

anghel saligny statue Constanta city Romania Black Sea dobruja

Anghel Saligny statue – Romanian engineer who built Saligny bridge near Constanta – the longest bridge in Europe at the time.

Ancient Tomis ruins

Ancient Tomis ruins

Tomis ruins Constanta Romania Black Sea northern dobruja dobrogea .

Tomis ruins Constanta Romania Black Sea northern dobruja dobrogea

Tomis ruins Constanta city Romania Black Sea northern dobruja dobrogea

Marine Museum Constanta Romania muzeul marinei romane

Marine Museum

Marine Museum Constanta Romania

Maritime Museum romanian ships Tomis Constanta Romania dobrogea dobruja Black SeaMarine Museum Constanta Romania muzeul marinei romane 1

Mircea brig - Romanian ship

Mircea brig – Romanian ship model (real life size can be found in Constanta port)

Marine Museum Constanta Romania old ships

National theatre of opera and ballet Tomis Constanta Romania dobrogea dobruja Black Sea

National Theatre of Opera and Ballet

nutcracker at national theatre Constanta Romania dobrogea dobruja Black Sea

Nutcracker play in Constanta

Constanta National Theatre Romania dobrogea

Constanta State Theatre

theatre Tomis Constanta Romania dobrogea dobruja Black Sea

Tomis Constanta Museum of National History Romania dobrogea dobruja Black Sea

Constanta lighthouse far Romania dobrogea Black Sea

Tomis Constanta old harbour Romania dobrogea dobruja Black Sea

The old harbour

Constanta old harbour port Romania dobrogea Black Sea

The old harbour

Silozurile_Anghel_Saligny Old Constanta port Romania Black Sea dobrogea northern dobruja

The first reinforced concrete storage facilities in the world, built by romanian engineer Anghel Saligny

Constanta Romania dobrogea Black Sea

Constanta Romania dobrogea Black Sea aurora

orasul Constanta oras city Romania Black Sea dobrogea northern dobruja

Tomis Constanta Romania dobrogea Black Sea

Tomis Constanta Romania dobrogea dobruja Black Sea

Tomis Constanta faleza Romania dobrogea dobruja Black Sea

Tomis Constanta city Romania Black Sea dobrogea

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Tomis Constanta faleza Romania night dobrogea dobruja Black Sea

Constanta faleza night Romania dobrogea Black Sea

Tomis Constanta at night Romania dobrogea dobruja Black Sea

Tropaeum Traiani Adamclisi Constanta Romania dobrogea

Tropaeum Traiani Adamclisi

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History museum Tomis Constanta city Romania dobrogea dobruja Black Sea

Tomis Constanta city Romania dobrogea dobruja Black Sea 1

Night view over street in Constanta

Tomis Constanta city night Romania dobrogea dobruja Black Sea